miercuri, 13 august 2014
The effects of the self-proclaimed Nistrian Moldovan Republic on security of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania
The last time, after the annexation of Crimea by
Russia and the escalation of the military
conflict in Eastern regions of Ukraine
(Lugansk and Donetsk) between Ukraine's security forces and pro-Russian rebels,
geopolitical analysts attach great importance to the effects of unrecognized NMR
on security in the region, namely the security of Ukraine,
Moldova and .
President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko said in one of his statements that he
does not allow the "Transnistrization" of the Romania Eastern
Ukraine, ie the formation of an unrecognized "republic" on
the Ukrainian territory. Unrecognized TMR influences Eastern Ukraine not only
by example, but also by some cadres of the leadership of the republics of Donetsk and Lugans - people who fought in the war of the Nistru River
in 1992 or were high officials in the Tiraspol structures
(eg., V. Antiufeev, the former KGB chief in Tiraspol
is currently vice-premier in ).
Influence of TMR on Donetsk Ukraine
aims and possible challenges to destabilize the situation in the Odessa region by the Russian military from the
Transnistrian region of .
To reduce the possibility thereof, the Ukrainian authorities have proceeded to
dig a trench along the Transnistrian segment of the Moldovan-Ukrainian border.
This trench has the function of an obstacle to any attempt to invade Moldova Ukraine by 14-th Russian Army, stationed in Eastern Moldova.
The effects of NMR on security of Moldova concerns the scenario that it can trigger a new war on the Dniester, in response to the statements of officials in Chisinau (the first, of the President N. Timofti) about the need to withdraw Russian troops from the territory of Moldova and the replacement of the peacekeeping mission with civilian observers. In the event of bloodshed, Russian authorities could show that keeping Russian peacekeepers in
and military contingent defending deposits of weapons of
the 14th Army is still necessary. Moldova
The effects of the NMR on
security are less pronounced, taking into account the fact that is
under the protection of NATO umbrella. The self-TMR is a tool for influencing Romania Moldova and . But it is clear that a
military conflict, in an active phase, at NATO border, will affect Ukraine Romania, that is why the Romanian state must do
everything to prevent the resumption of the frozen conflict on the Dniester.
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