joi, 5 martie 2015
Societal Security of Republic of Moldova within the context of European Integration
The object of reference, to be secure in the sector of societal security, is the society – the bearer of an identity. Societal identity refers to a community of people who identify with certain values, so who have an identity.
At the same time, there is a dispute between representatives of the two currents among the majority population: people who identify as Romanians and those who identify as Moldovans. This ideological rift weakens the Moldovan state because there is no cohesion at the societal level even between representatives of the same ethnic majority group.
Another aspect of the problem concerns the Moldovan communities beyond the
borders. There are settlements that identify as Moldovans whose ancestors were
moved in Tsarist period from Bessarabia in places where descendants leave now ( Moldova Ukraine, ). These communities identify
themselves as Moldovans. Unfortunately, the Moldovan authorities are not
concerned with preserving their identity – don’t have policies in this regard. Russia
Meanwhile, after the signing in 2014 by the government of
Association Agreement with the European Union, it must develop and implement a
strategy for promoting European identity. However, Moldovan society is divided
in terms of vector of integration. A successful European integration is
possible in conditions of the most Moldovans adherence to European values and European
civilization. Ensuring societal security in the context of European integration
is to obtain the support of majority of Moldovan society – Moldovan citizens,
regardless of ethnicity, to European values. This is possible through the
promotion of the European identity superimposed on Moldovan civic identity. Moldova
Ensuring societal security involves strengthening Moldovan society based on civic identity. In this respect, it is necessary to develop a cultural policy to promote common values, which all the ethnic inhabiting groups will identify with.
One effective means of ensuring the societal security of RM is cultural diplomacy. The Moldovan authorities must help to preserve the identity of Moldovan communities abroad. This requires the development and implementation of a cultural policy whose object of reference will be the Moldovan communities outside. By supporting schools, churches, folk festivals the securitization of those communities is possible.
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